what does beauty mean for someone who identifies as trans masculine?
Kai and Casil and Elie, three trans people, talk about the limitations of gender and what beauty means to them.
“Getting ready can take me anything from a few minutes to a few hours,” says Kai Isaiah Jamal, of his morning routine. “Yesterday my moustache wasn’t going on properly, and I had a two-hour meltdown.”
Kai is a trans visibility activist and poet-performer living in Leeds. When he gets up in the morning, his beauty regime is as follows: first, he showers -- the bathroom light was broken for a while, which made this feel easier, since he didn’t have to see his body in the mirror. Then he will pencil in his mustache to accentuate it, put on a breast binder, and put a packer in his pants. “Sometimes I’ll take like five minutes to position it,” he laughs, “to make sure I’m not walking around with what looks like a semi-erect penis.” Then he chooses his outfit -- no clingy materials, just baggy T-shirts or shirts.
One thing that helps improve Kai’s confidence to leave the house is taking selfies. “It’s an affirmation thing,” he explains. “When I first started to transition, people told me to stand in the mirror and say positive things, but it felt so forced and unnatural. I realised that taking photos, manipulating the lighting, the angle, it was a way to feel like, if I see myself like this, then hopefully someone else, someplace else will see me like this.”
Kai talks about the emotions that come with his daily regime because he wants other trans men to feel like they’re not alone in whatever they’re going through. Seeing guys like Cayden Carter documenting the tougher parts of their day to day dysphoria on social media, or writer and activist TIQ posting about being a trans father, have helped Kai. On Instagram accounts like Kayden’s, trans men offer each other advice in the comment sections: if you’re still getting your period, do something nice that week, like getting your haircut, for instance, or else take off your binder a little early.
In the mainstream media, discussions about what it’s like to transition from female to male are still rare, however. The visibility of trans women and improved reporting around the violence that trans women face has helped to raise the profile of trans female struggles -- particularly beauty standards around “passing”, the interplay between your safety and whether or not you look cisgender. These are important conversations, Kai says, as trans women are some of the most vulnerable in society. But trans men are often left out of the conversation, which can feel alienating if you are one.
The good news is, trans men like Kai are trying to change this. Casil McArthur is another pushing for visibility. A trans male model who at 19 has already been booked by Calvin Klein, starred in a GAP campaign and been shot by Steven Meisel. He’s been modeling since he was 10, realizing around the age of 13 that he wasn’t totally comfortable with his gender. As a teen Casil started cosplaying as a male princess and someone told him that he was the most beautiful boy they’d ever seen, the first time that he’d been called beautiful and it actually meant something to him. At 16, tired of the strangling feeling of being forced to present as a girl, Casil quit modeling, started taking testosterone, and became a model again, this time as himself -- or as he puts it, “a bomb-ass male model!”
“I don’t think any make-up or clothing should be restricted to one gender. And I truly believe that people who are mad at guys dressing femininely are just guys who wish they could do it themselves but who haven’t been raised with the ability to feel comfortable about it.” - Casil McArthur
Talking to Kai and Casil about what beauty means to them throws up very different responses. For Casil, transitioning to male gave him the confidence he needed to experiment more with the way he looks. “I always loved make-up and feminine clothing, but the problem is, when I was younger I couldn’t enjoy those things for myself unless it was for a photoshoot, because in my regular life I felt so uncomfortable.” Now Casil wears mascara and eyeliner most days to accentuate his eyes and make him feel pretty, as well as pink wigs and pink dresses.
Sometimes Casil’s make-up or wig choices result in his being misgendered, or people assuming he’s trans female, but personally he tries to take that as a compliment. “I had a lot of insecurity at the beginning when everything was still feminine -- my hips, my arms, my facial features -- but now I know who I am and no-one can say anything at this point to make me upset with myself,” he says. “I don’t think any make-up or clothing should be restricted to one gender. And I truly believe that people who are mad at guys dressing femininely are just guys who wish they could do it themselves but who haven’t been raised with the ability to feel comfortable about it.”
Kai however, talks about how the weight of certain masculine beauty standards -- particularly black male beauty standards -- have made him feel like he needs to look tough and not effeminate. When first transitioning, he studied men for a long time, “like a stalker”, he jokes. “How they ate, how they sat, how they walked. To me, these were the things that would make me passable.” But the pressure to pass isn’t just about looking a certain way, it’s about safety, like when he goes into male toilets, for example. “There are so many complexities,” Kai explains, “I’ve got a thing about my hands being feminine, so getting on public transport, I don’t like to hold the rails.”
The expectation -- and sometimes need -- to look manly means that Kai feels nervous about trying anything too ‘out there’ beauty-wise: "When I bleached my hair, my concern about it was, that people are going to think I’m female, and if this one element makes me stand out then I’m too frightened to do it, even if I personally like it." These beauty standards don’t just come from cis people, but from trans people too: "If you see trans men on TV or in a photoshoot they’re usually sculpted, body builder-esque, with a full beard… But that’s not everyone’s style or look."
Elie Gregory’s attitude to gender expression falls somewhere in between Kai and Casil’s. A nonbinary trans composer and producer based in Berlin, Elie doesn’t identify as any gender, but they are mostly read as male on the street. “When you’re nonbinary it’s pretty much day to day that someone is going to read me as something I’m not, so it’s something I don’t even notice all the time. But I do still get read as female too, which makes me feel much more uncomfortable than being misgendered as male.”
Elie explains that, for them, a lot of their appearance is based around trying to neutralize their gender. For this reason, even more so than Kai, Elie doesn’t like to take too many risks with how they look. They keep their routine to a shower and a shave (they also started testosterone two and a half years ago, but their beard isn’t really growing how they’d like it to) and stick to the simple clothes they’re comfortable in, otherwise, “every morning there would be a lot of craziness”. The same goes for their short, cropped hair, which has been the same for a few years, while make-up is pretty much a definite “no”.
“I do quite often question myself and my choices and whether they’d be different if I didn’t have it in the back of my mind being a little bit scared of attracting unwanted attention,” says Elie. “I live in Berlin where there’s a lot of queer people so it’s quite a safe space, but I do feel sometimes like people are looking at me because I’m queer; or they come and ask me if I’m male or female, or I’ll walk past a group and hear the German word for ‘fag’. So on the one hand, I hate being misgendered as female, but on the other it can be scary being perceived as a small, queer male. I think I would definitely be more adventurous with the way I looked if this wasn’t the case.”
Elie believes that the world won’t be a better place until people can choose how to express themselves free from external pressures or threats, but in the meantime they have found being non-binary to have at least improved their own outlook on gender expression: “It has made me question the difference between someone’s gender identity and their clothes or how they express their gender identity with how they look, and see that they’re different things.” In other words: we can’t always take people at face value.
When asked what would improve their relationship with their appearance, Kai, Casil and Elie all agree that we need more varied trans male and non-binary role models. “It’s like trans men have to be passable, masculine and heteronormative -- you rarely see trans men that are effeminate,” says Kai, name checking Prince, Mykki Blanco and FAKA as genderqueer male role models, as well as his dad: “My dad taught me a lot about not conforming to the expectations of black men’s beauty standards; he’s got his nipple pierced and wears flares. He taught me that having a feminine presence isn’t a bad thing, but I think more trans men need to see that,” Kai concludes. “Being a trans man isn’t one thing, and it shouldn’t just be about blending in.”
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